Is it even possible? I'm using raspbian. It works when I use lxterminal but I don't want to have to use the X window system.
There are a few things that will do this, I think. The only one I've tried is fbterm, which is available in raspbian. It uses the framebuffer and lets you use installed X fonts, etc (read the man page, and look at the config file
However, as noted on the home page, it doesn't use the same ANSI sequences for 256 colors as xterm, so console apps which exploit that (how many are there, lol? apparently emacs, I dunno what else...) won't be in 256 colors.
In theory, you can also set a background image, however, I think you will need
In any case, it is easy enough to install and try.