I have a PSU from Amazon that provides 5V and I used my trusty multimeter to adjust the voltage to exactly 5.0V. I used it previously to run some silent fans, but I don't have any use for that anymore now.. Time to see if I can use it for the Raspberry. It gets 5V through the charger and the PSU gives up to 5A..
Now when I read the schematics on https://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/hardware/raspberrypi/schematics/ for the Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+, I can connect the Pin 1 of J1 (Power in, 5V-) through PP2 and Pin 5 (Power in, GND) with either PP3, PP4, PP5 or PP6.
I have soldered a small wire with a dupont connector to PP2 and PP3. However, when I attach the PSU to it, nothing happens. I have double checked - the Pi turns on with the regular charger and the wires are properly connected.
Can you give me any suggestions how to make this work?