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I need to control the PWM module on the raspberry pi. I’m now familiar with pigpio, and with hardware_PWM. However, I did not find anywhere where I can control the total duration of the PWM. Example: turn off after 50 clock cycles. Also, what would be the most accurate way in doing so using python?

My pulses can vary in duty cycle, and are between 0-1khz. I tried sing the software pwm but it couldn’t get to 1khz, but when I tried using the hardware_pwm it was honestly perfect. But I can’t control it.

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If the pulses aren't very fast and you don't mind jitter you could do it in software. Untested Python.

def send_PWM(GPIO, pulses, frequency, dutycycle):

   # dutycycle expected to be in range 0.0 to 1.0

   duration = 1.0 / frequency
   on_period = duration * dutycycle
   off_period = duration - on_period

   for i in range(pulses):
      pi.write(GPIO, 1)
      time.sleep(on_period)
      pi.write(GPIO, 0)
      time.sleep(off_period)

If the pulses are fast (say the 100 kHz or less region) and you don't like jitter you could use a wave chain.

There are various examples of using waves at http://abyz.me.uk/rpi/pigpio/examples.html

Here is an example using waves and wave chains.

#!/usr/bin/env python

import time
import pigpio

def tx_pulses(pi, GPIO, frequency, num, dutycycle=0.5):
   assert 1 <= frequency <= 500000
   assert 1 <= num <= 65535
   assert 0.0 <= dutycycle <= 1.0

   duration = int(1000000/frequency)

   on_micros = int(duration * dutycycle)

   num_low = num % 256
   num_high = num // 256

   wf = []

   #                           on      off    time
   wf.append(pigpio.pulse(1<<GPIO,       0, on_micros))
   wf.append(pigpio.pulse(      0, 1<<GPIO, duration - on_micros))

   pi.wave_add_generic(wf)

   wid = pi.wave_create()

   if wid >= 0:
      pi.wave_chain([255, 0, wid, 255, 1, num_low, num_high])
      while pi.wave_tx_busy():
         time.sleep(0.01)
      pi.wave_delete(wid)

pi = pigpio.pi()
if not pi.connected:
   exit()

GPIO=19

pi.set_mode(GPIO, pigpio.OUTPUT)

tx_pulses(pi, GPIO, 100, 25) # 25 pulses @ 100 Hz 50% duty

tx_pulses(pi, GPIO, 1000, 250, 0.1) # 250 pulses @ 1000 Hz 10% duty

tx_pulses(pi, GPIO, 5000, 2391, 0.03) # 2391 pulses @ 5000 Hz 3% duty

pi.stop()
  • My pulses can vary in duty cycle, and are between 0-1khz. I tried sing the software pwm but it couldn’t get to 1khz, but when I tried using the hardware_pwm it was honestly perfect. But I can’t control it. The wave chain looks neat since I can looo it for an x amount, I’ll need to look more into that. It says it disables the hardwsre_PWM tho – George Feb 14 at 13:16
  • Yes, waves use PWM and PCM so no audio from them. When I get time I will add a wave chain example to the answer. – joan Feb 14 at 14:22
  • Great, thank you – George Feb 14 at 14:49
  • I tried this out, and this works out really good for my purposes for now. Thank you – George Feb 15 at 21:01

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