I am planning to use my RPi only for one application, which needs X server to be started.

This application is chromium, which requires A LOT of resources already.

I would like to start only the bare minimum (X server) to display chromium in --kiosk mode (fullscreen, can't exit, don't show desktop or anything else)

Is it possible, and if so, how?

  • Would iceweasel (firefox in disguise) be acceptable instead of Chromium which trades memory for speed? Sep 6, 2017 at 16:51
  • You should be able to start X with xinit -e chromium-browser -- ./Xorg -l -c
    – Dougie
    Dec 25, 2022 at 1:54

2 Answers 2


You can apply hildred's suggestion permanently by creating a ~/.xinitrc file:


exec chromium --kiosk

This will then be applied if you are using a graphical login, so that you do not have to boot to console. To test it from the console, try startx with no arguments.

  • 1
    to be more frugal with your memory use exec on the last line of your .xinitrc so you don't have a extra shell lying around using memory/swap
    – hildred
    Nov 23, 2013 at 23:29
  • 1
    @hildred - just curious, approximately how much memory does a shell require?
    – cwd
    Nov 25, 2014 at 4:41
  • 1
    @cwd You can get an idea with ps -o pid,rss,cmd -C bash. The RSS is in kB, it's probably 3-4000, but if you then look at top -p [pid] where pid is one of the ones reported by ps, you'll probably see 75% of that is shared (RSS vs SHR). So an extra shell takes a MB or two of RAM. I've edited hildred's suggestion into the answer.
    – goldilocks
    Nov 25, 2014 at 15:17
startx chromium --kiosk --

startx is a wrapper for xinit which starts an xserver and one client program. It should do exactly what you want.

  • [1:1:13070520614:ERROR:nss_util.cc(692)] Failed to load NSS libraries. (chromium:3191): Gtk-WARNING **: cannot open display:
    – DrakaSAN
    Nov 27, 2013 at 14:49

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