I am on a raspberry pi 4. Using both SPI's with no need for either chip select. I'm running out of I/O and could really use those. Does anyone know if there is a way to repurpose the SPI chip selects as gpio while still using SPI? Thank you for your time!
If you are not using them for SPI you can use them for any of their alternative functions. So yes, just set them to INPUT mode or OUTPUT mode using the GPIO library of your choice.
However the current Linux SPI driver leaves them in OUTPUT mode as it drives the select lines itself. You might have to use a different SPI driver.
If you are using pigpio set the ux bit to 1 for each GPIO you don't want to be used as a SPI chip select.
u2 is only relevant to the auxilary SPI. u0 and u1 are used by both SPI devices.
If you are using the standard SPI driver perhaps select a GPIO not available on the expansion header.
If you're using RaspiOS 32 with the latest 5.10.11 kernel then you have
Those free up the second CS pin. There's even an option to free up the MISO pin if you're doing send-only SPI transfers.
Name: spi0-1cs Info: Only use one CS pin for SPI0 Load: dtoverlay=spi0-1cs,<param>=<val> Params: cs0_pin GPIO pin for CS0 (default 8) no_miso Don't claim and use the MISO pin (9), freeing it for other uses. Name: spi1-1cs Info: Enables spi1 with a single chip select (CS) line and associated spidev dev node. The gpio pin number for the CS line and spidev device node creation are configurable. N.B.: spi1 is only accessible on devices with a 40pin header, eg: A+, B+, Zero and PI2 B; as well as the Compute Module. Load: dtoverlay=spi1-1cs,<param>=<val> Params: cs0_pin GPIO pin for CS0 (default 18 - BCM SPI1_CE0). cs0_spidev Set to 'disabled' to stop the creation of a userspace device node /dev/spidev1.0 (default is 'okay' or enabled).