My headless Pi Zero W gives a
segmentation fault whenever I run the ExpressVPN application. This problem occurs on a brand new Sandisk Ultra microSD card, imaged with Raspbian Lite 32 bit via the Raspberry Pi Imager for Windows. ExpressVPN downloaded with
wget and installed successfully with
The Pi worked fine for about a month on a previous project, until there was an unsafe shutdown or two or three, at which point
apt get upgrade began producing
segmentation fault. I reimaged that original microSD card several times but the issue recurred.
I got a new microSD card after reading this post which suggests that unsafe shutdowns corrupt the filesystem and cause a
segmentation fault. Unfortunately, the new microSD card with a new Raspbian image produces the same error. Although the microSD card is new, I'm using the same microSD to SD adapter for imaging on Windows.
This post suggests a reliable power supply may be the problem. Currently I'm using a 5.1V/1A CanaKit power supply, which seems more than adequate according to these figures. On the previous project when the unsafe shutdowns occured, I used a microUSB to USB cord with a USB cellphone-type wall adapter. I don't have it anymore and don't remember the amperage. I doubt that's what fried it but I suppose its a possibility since I know nothing about electricity.
Did I completely fry my Pi with one too many unsafe shutdowns and a random power supply? Is it possible the microSD to SD adapter is the culprit? If a brand new SD card returns the same problem, do I need to move on to a brand new Pi? If so, how do I prevent these problems from occurring in the future?
Additionally, I did another reimage with Balena Etcher, same
segmentation fault on executing ExpressVPN. Also tried the NordVPN app, same