I would like to reset the password of my raspberry pi 4 4gb running Ubuntu server 20.04, most tutorials involve adding init=/bin/sh to cmdline.txt, however when I do this I get a kernel panic.

Roughly along the lines of:

/bin/sh: splash: No such file or directory

Kernel Panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init!…

2 Answers 2


I would put the sd card into another machine, mount the disk and edit the file /etc/shadow to remove the password; delete the characters between the first and second colons in the file. Save the file and eject the sd card. The user will no longer have a password and you can boot the pi log in and set one up.

  • has the right answer, but isn't /bin/sh supposed to go last? This sounds like you put it before splash.
    – Andrea
    Commented May 13, 2022 at 14:38

Mount it on another rpi(or any linux box with qemu-user-static installed).
mount --bind the /dev /sys and /proc directories.
chroot into it.


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