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I am using Raspberry OS for a batch of zeros, I wanted to prepare the OS one time and then flash the prepared image for the others. After flashing the OS I installed some useful things for later, I inserted the SD in the computer, I resized to the minimum size the rootfs partition with gparted and I created an img file. To re-expand the partition I readded into /boot/cmdline.txt the init=/usr/lib/raspi-config/init_resize.sh, when I boot the raspberry but nothing happens, the partition is always little and the string in cmdline is removed like it should after the operation. How can I auto-expand the partition at the boot? I am using latest Raspberry OS, April '22 release. All I found is a bunch of answers really old that I don't think they fit anymore and to add that line as I described.

To create the custom image I am doing sudo dd if=/dev/sdb of=pi.img bs=1M count=4500 and then use a script I found pishrink. However the method doesn't work even if I flash the base image, I start the raspberry, I resize back the image, I add the line and plug in it again.

Since it was asked, this is the SD card before shrinking:

Disk /dev/sdb: 14,84 GiB, 15931539456 bytes, 31116288 sectors
Disk model: Transcend       
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x1a66848a

Device     Boot  Start      End  Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1         8192   532479   524288  256M  c W95 FAT32 (LBA)
/dev/sdb2       532480 31115263 30582784 14,6G 83 Linux
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  • @Milliways I have edited the question adding the steps I do. Also the problem is even with a base image (tried yesterday). If it isn't completed of what you are asking you have to be more specific because I didn't understand. Thanks
    – Ripper346
    Aug 8, 2022 at 9:03
  • I should have asked for fdisk details (seniors moment). It you have copied a partial image (as your dd suggests) it is incomplete and unworkable - missing vitaI FS data stored at the end if the partition . I have never used pishrink but understand that it works on a full image.
    – Milliways
    Aug 8, 2022 at 9:46
  • I actually use a imaging backup tool which creates minimal or arbitrary sized images but there are many ways of manipulating images.
    – Milliways
    Aug 8, 2022 at 9:49
  • Ok, but the problem isn't the creation of the image, the image works fine, I am able to flash and boot it with other cards/pis without any problem. The issue I asked for is to autoexpand the file system. Or can you do it with your backup tool? So, what is its name? I am open to change the method as long as it works, but I need a very noob proof method without linux since I won't do the load myself.
    – Ripper346
    Aug 8, 2022 at 11:00
  • I continue to not understand what you mean for fdisk details, they are the standard partitions on raspberry os, boot is in FAT32, rootfs is in ext4 and I shrink rootfs to be smaller for dd and for compatibility with other sd cards
    – Ripper346
    Aug 8, 2022 at 11:01

1 Answer 1

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I came up with a solution myself. Does it work with any OS? Not sure, I only tested it on Raspberry OS build 2022-04-04 with a Zero w. All the lines are necessary? Again, not sure, after a lot of tries I came up myself with the fdisk command and resize2fs, but for example the mounting of proc, sys and run I copied them from the OS script init_resize.sh, maybe it is only necessary proc that I saw it was fundamental to do something with resize2fs, if anyone wants to clean the code is welcome.

This code require to append in /boot/cmdline.txt init=/home/pi/resize.sh and create the script with this code in /home/pi/resize.sh.

What it does? First we remove from cmdline.txt the string to launch as we want it executed only one time. Then we delete and recreate the rootfs partition in the partition table at max of the capacity of the sd card with fdisk, align the partition with the partition table with resize2fs, remove the script and reboot.

#!/bin/sh

mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot
sed -i 's| init=/home/pi/resize\.sh||' /boot/cmdline.txt

mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot -o remount,ro
sync

INFO=`fdisk -l /dev/mmcblk0`
END1=$((`echo $INFO | sed -nE 's|^.+/dev/mmcblk0p1 [0-9]+ +([0-9]+).*$|\1|p'` + 1))
SECTORS=$((`echo $INFO | sed -nE 's|^.*Disk /dev/mmcblk0.+ ([0-9]+) sectors.*$|\1|p'` - 1))

fdisk /dev/mmcblk0 <<EOF
d
2
n
p
2
$END1
$SECTORS
w
EOF

sync

mount -t proc proc /proc
mount -t sysfs sys /sys
mount -t tmpfs tmp /run
mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot -o remount,ro
mount /dev/mmcblk0p2 / -o remount,rw

resize2fs -fp /dev/mmcblk0p2
echo done

rm /home/pi/resize.sh
sleep 5

reboot -f

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