First time setting up a Pi. Only have basic familiarity with linux and operating systems. Right now I am doing the setup entirely with an ssd card and SSH. So if something prevents me from SSHing into the device I consider it "bricked" and start over.
What I am doing right now I thought is quite simple. I am trying to use Ubuntu Server with my Raspberry Pi 4 because I thought that would lead to wider compatibility with libraries/programs that exist in the linux community. I figured since I am familiar with bash it would be fine.
I realize the Raspberry Pi OS already has VNC built in but I really want to learn what is going on with Linux so I am purposefully making my life a bit difficult. Please when you answer feel free to explain in as much detail what I might want to know, would love to know more than just how to fix this.
So what I do is the following
- Install Ubuntu Server 64 bit onto my micro SD card configured with SSH via the Raspberry Pi Imager
- Run the command I got from here sudo apt install
xfce4 xfce4-goodiesin hopes of installing VNC.
- This command runs for a long time (hour or two) but eventually finishes.
- If I am connected over SSH and leave the computer alone the ssh pipe will break. I can't ssh back in even after power cycling.
- If I keep with the computer SSH does something I have never seen before and somehow gives a full screen GUI warning me about
And that's about where I'm at. A few observations I guess:
If I connect the sd to my computer and try to open
etc/bin/bashin a text editor it is un-intelligable. Same with zsh. Many tutorials mention I might be able to edit these files to boot into safe mode, get out diagnostic info etc.
I have never before seen a full screen GUI pop up in vnc (except for like text editors and gdb). It's a purple screen with like an alert. And it will list like 2 things and say ok. I think it's something about
Daemons using outdated libraries. This pops up after the installation. I believe it just asks me to restart certain things.
Is there no way I can get to the logs/ssh history for the device from looking at the micro SD card on Ubuntu? See what went wrong? Is this only a RaspberryPI OS thing?
Part of me is wondering if it's an issue with the cheap but recommended AEGO Micro SD Card 32GB Mini sd Card UHS-1 Class 10 microsd 32gb I am using. I know SD cards aren't reliable. The first time this happened I had issues mounting it onto my Mac to wipe it. Couldn't first aid or anything. Had to use a different reader. However successive attempts have had the sd mount just fine. I don't really know how to tell if the SD failed.
Is there any way to convince my Mac to keep the SSH pipe open so I don't have to baby sit it and can step away while it does this long install and still observe the state after? (ssh breaks after the install)
This install seemed to create wider system issues. I remember ignoring the popup or just saying ok then having issues with other system things like when I tried to mess with ufw I got
ERROR: '/etc/ufw/user.rules' is not writablecould be unrelated. I may have messed up my users. I also couldn't install the script for my fan due to this error
'sudo apt-get install' is showing "Not using locking for read only file /var/lib/dpkg/lock" warning on Ubuntu Touch
Is it possible that VNC is fundamentally incompatible with
Ubuntu Server? I am using that because the Raspberry Pi Imager only allows me to set up the SSH login+wifi if I install server. I don't have a keyboard/monitor for using Desktop to connect it to wifi+setup log in and can't find instructions how to modify its boot to do that. I always figured I could "install" a GUI into ubuntu server. But perhaps it is just fundamentally incompatible to t
Any thoughts or tips would be greatly appreciated.