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I was wondering what exactly a preloaded raspberry pi card should have on it? We purchased one but my father was tinkering around on it and I think some of the file were removed but I'm not sure what is missing..

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    What makes you think files are missing? – Steve Robillard Mar 17 '14 at 2:13
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With regard to the common linux distros, there are two partitions in the image. The first contains a small vfat filesystem (50-60 MB) with a single directory of a few files such as:

bootcode.bin
cmdline.txt
config.txt
fixup_cd.dat
fixup.dat
fixup_x.dat
issue.txt
kernel.img
start_cd.elf
start.elf
start_x.elf

Very likely there is also an overlays directory and a handful of .dtb files.

The second partition is a much larger and contains an ext4 filesystem with a set of top level directories like this:

bin
boot
dev
etc
home
lib
lost+found
media
mnt
opt
proc
root
run
sbin
selinux
srv
sys
tmp
usr
var

Some of which are empty mountpoints -- e.g., the first partition is in /boot when the system is running.

However, if you are looking at the card on a windows machine you will not be able to see the second partition, so it may appear as if there is not much there.

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