I want to connect to a wireless network (no password needed)

I tried this

sudo iwconfig wlan0 essid network-essid

and tried this, in /etc/network/interfaces

auto wlan0
allow-hotplug wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
       wpa-ssid ="network-essid"

but ifconfig still shows

wlan0     Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr e8:94:f6:16:7f:f1  
          UP BROADCAST MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 
          RX bytes:0 (0.0 B)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 B)
up vote 15 down vote accepted

I changed wpa-ssid ="network-essid" to wireless-essid my_essid_without_quote and, now, it works fine .

    auto wlan0
    allow-hotplug wlan0
    iface wlan0 inet dhcp
    wireless-essid my_essid_without_quote
  • I tried this solution with kali image and it didn't work. Did you tried it with Kali or rasbian? – haccks Sep 20 '16 at 19:59

For me, the recommended solutions above were unsatisfactory. For one, I have a blank in my SSID, so I needed to specify it in quotes. Secondly, I have several SSIDs here, and I want to connect to one specifically. I used this in the file /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf and it worked:

   ssid="my ssid with spaces"

Add the following to the end of /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf :


That'll connect to any open / unsecured wifi in range.

The priority line just means it'll connect to any of your other named networks in preference.

  • this won't work in recent wheezy releases; since wpa_supplicant is dropped, the only thing that worked reliably for me is using the GUI tool – Vaibhav Mishra Sep 7 '15 at 8:36
  • 2
    odd, as this still works for me in latest raspbian jessie – Mike Redrobe Nov 28 '15 at 17:06
  • Works for me on debian stretch. I let my /etc/network/interfaces untouched and add the following to the wpa_supplicant config file ssid="ssid-of-network". – Vorac Jun 12 '17 at 13:51

Final working config for me, using hidden SSID and no password:


auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

allow-hotplug wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wireless-essid my_hidden_ssid



After that I rebooted multiple times to verify it got an IP address consistently.

  • The line wireless-essid my_hidden_ssid is useless, so leave it. See Mike Redrobe's answer. – user3123159 Aug 18 '17 at 10:28

Add the following to the end of the file /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

  • 1
    Why ALCATEL? What makes you think that is the ssid? – Bex Mar 30 '16 at 7:38
  • I edited the answer replacing Alcatel with ssid. Now it is good to go! – user3123159 Aug 18 '17 at 10:45

You just need to remove the equal sign from the

wpa-ssid ="network-essid"

it should be

wpa-ssid "network-essid"
  • Does not work on Ubuntu 16.4 lts. – user3123159 Aug 18 '17 at 10:40


This method is suitable if you don't have access to the graphical user interface normally used to set up WiFi on the Raspberry Pi. It is particularly suitable for use with a serial console cable if you don't have access to a screen or wired Ethernet network. Note also that no additional software is required; everything you need is already included on the Raspberry Pi.

Getting WiFi network details

To scan for WiFi networks, use the command sudo iwlist wlan0 scan. This will list all available WiFi networks, along with other useful information. Look out for:

'ESSID:"testing"' is the name of the WiFi network.

'IE: IEEE 802.11i/WPA2 Version 1' is the authentication used. In this case it's WPA2, the newer and more secure wireless standard which replaces WPA. This guide should work for WPA or WPA2, but may not work for WPA2 enterprise. For WEP hex keys, see the last example here. You'll also need the password for the wireless network. For most home routers, this is found on a sticker on the back of the router. The ESSID (ssid) for the examples below is testing and the password (psk) is testingPassword. Adding the network details to the Raspberry Pi

Open the wpa-supplicant configuration file in nano:

sudo nano /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

Go to the bottom of the file and add the following:

network={ ssid="testing" psk="testingPassword" } The password can be configured either as the ASCII representation, in quotes as per the example above, or as a pre-encrypted 32 byte hexadecimal number. You can use the wpa_passphrase utility to generate an encrypted PSK. This takes the SSID and the password, and generates the encrypted PSK. With the example from above, you can generate the PSK with wpa_passphrase "testing" "testingPassword". The output is as follows.

network={ ssid="testing" #psk="testingPassword" psk=131e1e221f6e06e3911a2d11ff2fac9182665c004de85300f9cac208a6a80531 } Note that the plain text version of the code is present, but commented out. You should delete this line from the final wpa_supplicant file for extra security.

The wpa_passphrase tool requires a password with between 8 and 63 characters. For more complex passphrases you can extract the content of a text file and use it as input for wpa_passphrase, if the password is stored as plain text inside a file somewhere, by calling wpa_passphrase "testing" < file_where_password_is_stored. For extra security, you should delete the file_where_password_is_stored afterwards, so there is no plain text copy of the original password on the system.

If you are using the wpa_passphrase encrypted PSK you can either copy and paste the encrypted PSK into the wpa_supplicant.conf file, or redirect the tools output to your configuration file by calling wpa_passphrase "testing" "testingPassword" >> /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf. Note that this requires you to change to root (by executing sudo su), or you can use wpa_passphrase "testing" "testingPassword" | sudo tee -a /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf > /dev/null, which will append the passphrase without having to change to root. Both methods provide the necessary administrative privileges to change the file. Lastly, make sure you use >>, or use -a with tee, (both can be used to append text to an existing file) since >, or omitting -a when using tee, will erase all contents and then append the output to the specified file. Note that the redirection to /dev/null at the end of the second form simply prevents tee from also outputting to the screen (standard output).

Now save the file by pressing Ctrl+X, then Y, then finally press Enter.

Reconfigure the interface with wpa_cli -i wlan0 reconfigure.

You can verify whether it has successfully connected using ifconfig wlan0. If the inet addr field has an address beside it, the Raspberry Pi has connected to the network. If not, check that your password and ESSID are correct.

Unsecured Networks

If the network you are connecting to does not use a password, the wpa_supplicant entry for the network will need to include the correct key_mgmt entry. e.g.

network={ ssid="testing" key_mgmt=NONE } Hidden Networks

If you are using a hidden network, an extra option in the wpa_supplicant file, scan_ssid, may help connection.

network={ ssid="yourHiddenSSID" scan_ssid=1 psk="Your_wifi_password" } You can verify whether it has successfully connected using ifconfig wlan0. If the inet addr field has an address beside it, the Raspberry Pi has connected to the network. If not, check your password and ESSID are correct.

Adding multiple wireless network configurations

On recent versions of Raspbian, it is possible to set up multiple configurations for wireless networking. For example, you could set up one for home and one for school.

For example

network={ ssid="SchoolNetworkSSID" psk="passwordSchool" id_str="school" }

network={ ssid="HomeNetworkSSID" psk="passwordHome" id_str="home" } If you have two networks in range, you can add the priority option to choose between them. The network in range, with the highest priority, will be the one that is connected.

network={ ssid="HomeOneSSID" psk="passwordOne" priority=1 id_str="homeOne" }

network={ ssid="HomeTwoSSID" psk="passwordTwo" priority=2 id_str="homeTwo" }

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