I am trying to setup virtual hosts on apache2 on Raspbian.

made a directory for www.example.com

wim@raspberrypi-lamp-server /var/www $ sudo mkdir www.example.com
wim@raspberrypi-lamp-server /var/www $ sudo mkdir www.example.com/htdocs
wim@raspberrypi-lamp-server /var/www $ sudo mkdir www.example.com/cgi
wim@raspberrypi-lamp-server /var/www $ sudo mkdir www.example.com/logs

create the virtual.conf file /etc/apache2/conf.d/virtual.conf

wim@raspberrypi-lamp-server /etc/apache2/conf.d $ sudo nano virtual.conf

#  We're running multiple virtual hosts.
NameVirtualHost *

virtual host config file

#  Example.com (/etc/apache2/sites-available/www.example.com)
<VirtualHost *>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    ServerName  www.example.com
    ServerAlias example.com

    # Indexes + Directory Root.
    DirectoryIndex index.html
    DocumentRoot /var/www/www.example.com/htdocs/

    # CGI Directory
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /var/www/www.example.com/cgi-bin/
    <Location /cgi-bin>
            Options +ExecCGI

    # Logfiles
    ErrorLog  /var/www/www.example.com/logs/error.log
    CustomLog /var/www/www.example.com/logs/access.log combined

enable the site

wim@raspberrypi-lamp-server /etc/apache2/conf.d $ sudo a2ensite www.example.com

reloading apache gives me

wim@raspberrypi-lamp-server /etc/apache2/sites-available $ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 reload
[....] Reloading web server config: apache2apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using for   ServerName
[Wed Aug 13 12:44:40 2014] [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results
[Wed Aug 13 12:44:40 2014] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
. ok 

Now I can not see the index.html file in a webbrowser when I try to connect to the server. How can I resolve the [error] VirtualHost *:80 -- mixing * ports and non-* ports with a NameVirtualHost address is not supported, proceeding with undefined results and the warning: [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts

does the apache process need more than write access to the config files ? looking at the permissions all the config files are owned by root.

  • Have you tried commenting out the NameVirtualHost directive and restarting Apache? I've set up a few virtual hosts, and I didn't use NameVirtualHost at all. And as stated in @stefan's answer, use *:80 instead of *.
    – Steve
    Commented Aug 13, 2014 at 15:36
  • problem solved. There was some mistake in the tutorial I was following. NameVirtualHost *:80 <VirtualHost *:80> works the tutorial had NameVirtualHost *:80 <VirtualHost *>. thank you. Next step getting https running.
    – anatak
    Commented Aug 14, 2014 at 8:40

1 Answer 1


Looks like there is more than one entry of NameVirtualHost

Try to find out that u r using the right configuration file and that no NameVirtualhost is used before.

Your Warning "NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts" looks like that is one "NameVirtualHost *:80" Entry before yours and so apache does the following:

1.) Ignoring the other NameVirtualHost Entries

2.) Cant find a matching Virtualhost, cause they need to be exactly the same, either with Portnumber or without

So use something like

NameVirtualHost *:80
<VirtualHost *:80>

  • I found NameVirtualHost *:80 in /etc/apache2/ports.conf I deleted the /etc/apache2/conf.d/virtual.conf file after enabling the sites I don't get the error anymore but still get the warning Warning "NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts"
    – anatak
    Commented Aug 13, 2014 at 9:39
  • NameVirtualHost *:80 <VirtualHost *:80> now the server reloads without any errors.
    – anatak
    Commented Aug 13, 2014 at 14:35

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