I believe Inconsolata is intended as a font for a terminal in a desktop environment, not on the console. You MIGHT be able to use a utility to convert Inconsolata to the console terminal font format, in which case the converted file would get copied to /usr/share/consolefonts -- see Use or convert .ttf font for console use in FreeBSD for some ideas.
As Bex suggested, when you run
sudo dpkg-reconfigure console-setup
you will come to a screen where you can choose from among the different fonts that are already installed.
You didn't mention what about the default fonts you "detest" -- maybe they look bad because of your monitor. They DO appear quite different, and some are better if you are using a composite monitor vs. HDMI, for example, so you might experiment to see if a different one works better. You might also adjust the brightness and/or contrast of your monitor after changing the fonts.
Have a look here for some additional suggestions: How do I increase the terminal font size?