Raspberry Pi has a Micro USB port for power supply. My question is if this port is only for power purposes or can it be used for data as well? I would like to be able to attach my Raspberry Pi as a USB peripheral to another computer. Is this possible over a power port? If not, can this be done in another way?
I've had a look at the schematic; the data pins for the micro USB connection are not connected to anything. Therefore, there is no way to mount the RPi as an external device.
It could be possible to mount the RPi's hard drive or login over the network by using SSH.
The GPIO pins include a set of UART data lines, which could be used to form a serial connection to the RPi from your PC.
Bit-banging USB has been done (AVR V-USB), however, you would need to design your own expansion board that added another USB port. It is conceivable this port could power the RPi. Having done this, you would need to write some sort of driver. Good Luck.
If you are prepared to go to all this trouble, it might be worth looking at an FTDI Chip instead. You would connect this to the UART pins of the RPi. From a software perspective, you would communicate with the computer as if it was a serial device.
As the data pins of the micro USB port are not connected to the SoC's USB PHY you cannot use this port for data (in either host or slave mode).
It should be possible however to use the USB Type A port on the Model A in slave mode.
Some further details;
The Model B uses a SMSC LAN9512 USB 2.0 Hub and 10/100 Ethernet Controller IC to provide multiple physical USB host ports from the single USB OTG port available on the Broadcom SoC. (See schematic here: http://www.raspberrypi.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Raspberry-Pi-Schematics-R1.0.pdf)
The presence of this hub IC prevents the USB ports from being used in slave mode. However, as the Model A does not have this IC present and instead just has a single USB port connected directly to the SoC's OTG port it should be possible to configure it to act in slave mode through software.
As the Model A has a female host USB port, a HOST to HOST conversion cable will be needed.
Please see this Raspberry Pi Forum thread for more details: http://www.raspberrypi.org/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=63&t=15696
Rasberry PI A/A+/B/B+ models have OTG mode disabled by variety of reasons:
- USB port occupied with USB hub (ethernet),
- missing OTG 5th pin (grounded), or
- data pins are not connected (power port).
You’d need Raspberry PI Zero for OTG or so called Gadget Mode. Data USB port can be used for OTG and “power”. As of time of this writing Serial and Ethernet were tested, but others should work with proper amount of efforts (keyboard, disk, camera, etc.) Composite devices should work as well. See more info at
The work is expected to be merged into rpy-4.4 version of kernel for OTG functionality to be available OOTB for simpler hacking.
Majority of heavylifting was conducted in Github raspberrypi/linux Issue #1212.
Unfortunately power supply ports do not generally work this way so you will not be able to use the micro USB port for anything other than power.
I can't currently think of a way you can use the Pi as a peripheral device, however there are several other ways you can access the Pi including SSH, FTP or samba share.
If you elaborate on what you are trying to achieve then we can advise the best method of doing it.
Yes, you can use a Model A as a USB slave device:
Although it's quite limited to just usage as a mass storage device ( SD card) - no GPIO access, display or even ARM CPU usage.
Yes you can if you use some USB Peripheral Controller with SPI Interface like MAX3420E and write driver for it if it is not yet supported in Linux and handle specific USB class you want to implement.
Time to provide an updated answer.
On the B, B+, 2B, 3B and 3B+ USB device mode is not possible because the USB controller on the SoC is connected to a USB Hub with Ethernet chip, not directly to a port.
On the A, A+ and 3A+ device mode is possible but the port must be forced into device mode (IIRC this is done through a device tree overlay), since there is no OTG ID pin. You will also need a USB A to A cable to make the connection.
On the zero, zero W and the 4B device mode is possible out of the box.
Device mode is also possible on the compute modules, not sure offhand if it has to be manually enabled.
This can be done with ANY kind of Pi
The least-expensive solution is to use the Pi Zero.
The text of this link is way too long to post here, but the Zero can be any kind of HID. Keyboard, mouse, flash drive, camera, whatever you can think of.
Making it a keyboard or mouse is easy.