I've finished testing and mounting my hc-sr04 and sg90 and now i have to connect everything, but have doubts and questions. Here are the diagrams that show what I am thinking to do:
This one shows how I would like to connect either the SG90 or the HC-SR04 enter image description here
This one shows how I would like to connect both the SG90 and HC-SR04 to the L298N enter image description here
The L298N is powered by 2x3.7V 18650 batteries(chinese brand) and it drives 2xDC wheels.
I would like to know if:

  • the wiring in both cases is correct?
  • there is any benefit from one of them over the other?
  • there are any risks I should consider when connecting SG90, HC-SR04 or other similar +5V devices to the L298N?
  • I connect both devices to the L298N can I have som problems like heating or malfunctioning of the L298N?
  • using a Power bank(2600/5000mHa) to power the Pi which one will consume more power, e.g. will one of them cause my battery the exhaust faster? Given the fact that the HC-SR04 will be used more often in order to detect obstacles.
    There is also a Raspberry camera connected to the Pi camera slot.
    Thanks in advance

Both sets of wiring look okay as far as I can tell with one minor proviso.

It is safer to use a voltage divider (pair of resistors) on the HC-SR04 echo line to cut the voltage from 5V to 3V3. A single resistor will give some protection if >5k or so, but a proper divide is better.

I can't remember how much 5V power the 5V on-board regulator of the common L298N motor driver boards can supply. It'll probably be enough for a small 9g servo.

  • I have a 1K resistor between Echo and IN pin on the Pi. You say that I need >5K, so I need to look for another resistor?(I do not have a spare one) From your answer I assume that I cannot connect both the HC-SR04 and SG90 to the +5V of the L298N? – archer66 Aug 20 '15 at 18:53
  • According to my limited knowledge the current flow will be (5V-3.3V)/1000 amps with a 1k resistor, or 1.7 mA. You should be aiming for less then 0.5 mA. See mosaic-industries.com/embedded-systems/microcontroller-projects/… – joan Aug 20 '15 at 18:59
  • Ok, that makes things more clear for me. Can I assume that this power devider circuit will be safe modmypi.com/blog/… ? – archer66 Aug 20 '15 at 19:52
  • @archer66 As far as I am aware the pair of resistors to form a voltage divider is by far the most common solution to drop 5V to 3.3V for the Pi. It is perfectly safe. – joan Aug 20 '15 at 20:05

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