I want to use my raspberry in an embedded application.

I am using already minibian and destroyed (accidentally) the network manager. This got me downto a boot time of 13s.

I need : Gpio pin access, audio out, Python, moc (music on console)

Ideas what and how I can remove from the system? (Example: SSH, user login, networking) It should decrease boot time.

See Answers: We got it down to ~7 seconds.


2 Answers 2


If you want to know what's responsible for boot time with systemd, run
systemd-analyze blame or systemd-analyze critical-chain
and then decide whether there are things you can live without and/or research the items which you think may be sped up.

  • 1
    Didn't know that thing existed at all. Nice one!
    – Aloha
    Commented Jan 9, 2016 at 13:18
  • It is cool, but beware it has an interesting definition of "running". For example, blame makes no mention of ssh.service on a fresh jessie install, even though systemctl status ssh refers to it as "loaded active running". So you might want to also check the more inclusive systemctl list-units.
    – goldilocks
    Commented Jan 9, 2016 at 16:30
  • When should I run it? after the boot finishes, or put it in /etc/rc.local or a similar file? When running it after the boot finishes for some reason it says Bootup has not finished yet (weird huh?).
    – Tooniis
    Commented Feb 26, 2018 at 9:05

Things I did so far:

  • Remove networking (boot stalled until network is connected): ~5sec

    update-rc.d -f networking remove

    Reenable temporary with:

    /etc/init.d/networking start && ifdown eth0 && ifup eth0

  • Removed boot messages during boot (yes printing messages eats time): ~2s

    Just add a quiet to /boot/cmdline.txt

  • Following this guide shaved also a few seconds of: ~2s

    The performance got especially better after moving to busybox and removing ntp. Additionally it is useful for me that the system is read only now, because I get better sd card lifetime on the one hand and no corruption because of power loss on the other hand.

  • Ugly, don't do this. (Or do it and blame yourself) Then I removed logging facilities: ~0.5s

    update-rc.d -f busybox-syslogd remove; update-rc.d -f busybox-klogd remove

    (Yes I just added it....)

I am currently down to 6.934 (1.226+5.708) seconds. (6.78 seconds without hdmi plugged in)

I tried my luck with systemd-readahead but this added almost one second to my boot time.

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