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I am new to electronics and not sure how to handle an electret microphone with an R-PI.

I want to develop some active noise cancellation with my Raspberry (Model B). So I thought USB-Microphone would be to slow for achieving this. But I can't find a well written tutorial for introducing the electret microphone amp (from Arduino) to my R-PI.

Do I need further components? Someone can give me a detailed explanation how to use this microphone with R-PI and how to configure it? Or is this microphone a bad decision for my purpose?

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    Hello and welcome. Please note that the Pi does not have the means to sample analogue signals. So you will need additional hardware to read the microphone - which is the point where one has to ask whether that offers benefits over the obvious usb-soundcard approach. Please check this out raspberrypi.stackexchange.com/questions/9618/… – Ghanima Jan 5 '16 at 16:05
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If you have a USB microphone or sound card, start with that, you will probably find it doesn't actually use a lot of processing power to get the samples.

That way you can get straight on to writing your application!

Your best non-USB alternative is probably SPI, but that is not straightforward

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