I was wondering if there was a way that i could turn the power on and off on the 5V gpio pins with a python script. I am powering a fan with the 5V gpio and was hoping to do something where the fan only turns on when the temp gets too high on the pi.

  • 1
    There are no 5V GPIO. All the GPIO are 3V3.
    – joan
    Apr 16, 2016 at 14:51
  • on this site they state that there is 2 5V dc power pins element14.com/community/docs/DOC-73950/l/…
    – WavePhaser
    Apr 16, 2016 at 15:45
  • 1
    Yes, there are two 5V power pins, pins 2 and 4.
    – joan
    Apr 16, 2016 at 15:48
  • 2
    No. They are power pins. They are NOT GPIO. They are connected to the 5V supply rail.
    – joan
    Apr 16, 2016 at 15:52
  • 1
    Plenty of ways. Whether they are easy or not depends on the components you have to hand. Put control fan speed in the search box.
    – joan
    Apr 16, 2016 at 15:58

2 Answers 2


Keep the fan connected to the 5v pin. Connect the other side of the fan via a transistor to ground. Switch the transistor on and off via a GPIO pin. This will turn the fan on when the transistor is switched on and switch it off when the transistor is switched. There are plenty of web sites with how to do this.

  • That will work best for a fan with a voltage of say 5-7V and a currrent requirement of no more than a couple of hundred milliamp Maximum - a nice big capacitor between 5V and ground in the same circuit to avoid a big drop in supply voltage when the fan is turned on might not be a bad idea as well! @Milliways - not in the temperate region that the UK is admittedly in (some parts had snow today!) In some other geographical locations it might be an issue - depending on if the RPi is put in a case for instance I suppose.
    – SlySven
    Apr 17, 2016 at 0:12

There is no need to write a program with recent Raspbian.

Only a single line needs to be added to cmdline.txt


See Fan Control

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