I am trying to login to the raspberrypi as root user via winscp, but it only says "Access denied", same thing for trying to login directly as root on ssh.

I have tried loging in as pi and doing sudo passwd root, which results in the console output passwd: Password changed successfully, however I still can't login as root


If you want to login as root using SSH or WinSCP you need to edit the config of SSHD, do this:

  • Login, and edit this file: sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
  • Find this line: PermitRootLogin without-password
  • Edit: PermitRootLogin yes
  • Close and save file
  • reboot or restart sshd service using: /etc/init.d/ssh restart
  • Set a root password if there isn't one already: sudo passwd root

Now you can login as root, but I recommend you using strong password or ssh-keys

  • 2
    Note that if the PermitRootLogin line starts with a comment sign (#) you have to remove that sign! – jorijnsmit Apr 27 '18 at 7:17
  • I was helped the last line to set root password. Thanks. – Andrei Krasutski Aug 21 '18 at 7:12

You cannot login as root because Raspbian does not have a root password. See Raspbian root default password

Normally ssh does not allow root access because this is considered a security risk. You should be able to do everything you need using sudo (which is the normal Debian practice).

If you REALLY want ssh root access it can be enabled.

  • I'm very glad someone at least pointed out that this is a security risk. SSH as root is never a good idea (particularly when using password auth). – stevieb Sep 30 '16 at 14:24

You can login as normal user (belong sudoer group) then

 sudo su -

to switch to root

  • For ssh that's fine, the main problem was winscp where I can't just use sudo – d0min0r4bb1t May 29 '16 at 12:05

You can

sudo su

Then use passwd to change the password

protected by Community Feb 20 '18 at 18:43

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