mencoder and ffmpeg are no longer included in the Raspbian repositories since Jessie was released. mencoder was previously used in an RPi Foundation tutorial here to compile a timelapse video.

I've seen that avconv can be used to do the same thing, and it is included in Raspbian Jessie, but what command should I use for that?

My folder of stills looks like this:

photo1.jpg  photo2.jpg  photo3.jpg  photo4.jpg  photo5.jpg
photo6.jpg  photo7.jpg  photo8.jpg  photo9.jpg   photo10.jpg

The previous command looked like this:

ls *.jpg > stills.txt; mencoder -nosound -ovc lavc -lavcopts vcodec=mpeg4:aspect=16/9:vbitrate=8000000 -vf scale=1920:1080 -o timelapse.avi -mf type=jpeg:fps=24 mf://@stills.txt

How could I do this with avconv or another command that is supported in Raspbian Jessie?


There's a reasonably simple approach given at techedemic.com:

Name all image files sequentially.

avconv can (apparently - I haven't checked) require names with a leading string followed by 0000/0001/0002/etc. Convert your file names using:

ls *.JPG| awk 'BEGIN{ a=0 }{ printf "mv %s myfile%04d.JPG\n", $0, a++ }' | bash

With everything renamed, use the following command to create a clip with the original resolution, and at high quality:

avconv -y -r 10 -i myfile%4d.JPG -r 10 -vcodec libx264 -q:v 3  -vf crop=4256:2832,scale=iw:ih tlfullhiqual.mp4;


-y forces avconv to overwrite any file

-r 10 creates a clip with 10 frames per seconds (for some versions of avconv you have to specify it twice)

-i specifies the input file(s). %4d means any 4 decimal numbers

-vcodec specifies the video codec to be used (H.264 in this case)

-q:v specifies the quality, value ranges from 1 (best) to 31 (worse)

crop= specifies which area of the images will be cropped

scale= indicates how much scaling must take place (in the above example iw:ih indicates that the output width and height will be that of the in width and in height)

the last parameter is the output file


Another alternative for viewing stills as a movie is to use VidMyFigs.com, which allows you to view the resulting "movie" in any javascript-enabled Web browser.

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