Been working on the raspberry pi with the sense hat with no problems. Due to the temperature been way off I got a ribbon cable to attach to the sense hat. When I plug the sense hat into the ribbon cable if I try to boot I get the above error and won't boot. Plus the led matrix only half lights up or less. If i unplug the sense hat everything boots up just fine. I added "disablesafemode" in the recovery.cmdline and also "avoid_safe_mode=1" in the boot config.txt but that hasn't done anything.
I question your motivation, but what you are doing won't work.
As I understand it the HAT has a female connector which is designed to interconnect to the male pins on the Pi. You seemed to have used a female to female cable (although it is far from clear from the low res photo). If so this means you have swapped the even and odd pins - THINK ABOUT IT.