Just downloaded and installed the libasound2-dev package using apt-get install

My gcc compile command now references alsa/asound.h correctly

But I just want to have a look at all the source files that were downloaded.

How do I find where they were installed?

I tried sudo dpkg -L for alsa and asound, but that was just an uneducated guess that failed. I imagine Debian installs these somewhere in /etc but I had no luck doing a manual search

There's probably some kind of ls / grep command that somebody knows off the top of their head? I'm very new at this Linux thing

I have a Raspberry Pi 3 with Jessie Lite installed


The packages that you install with apt-get are download in the form of ".deb" files. The .deb files for packages you've already installed live in /var/cache/apt/archives. You could look for recently installed packages in there, with ls -ltrc /var/cache/apt/archives

Once you find the appropriate .deb file, you can list the files it contains (that is, the files that will/did get installed into the filesystem, vs. the various other control files in the .deb), like this:

dpkg-deb -c /var/cache/apt/archives/vim/libasound2-dev_1.0.28-1+rpi1_armhf.deb

You can also download .deb files for packages that are not installed, using, e.g. apt-get download libasound2-dev. This downloads to the current directory. I often combine this with dbpkg-deb -c to download some package into /tmp and check what it would install (say you're faced with several related packages, and you're really just after one binary that some script needs - you can figure out which of the several packages to install by downloading them all and listing their contents).

Edited to add:

You can get a copy of exactly what would have been installed like this:

cd /tmp
apt-get download libasound2-dev
ls -ltrc
# ls shows that apt-get downloaded "libasound2-dev_1.0.28-1+rpi1_armhf.deb")
mkdir foo
dpkg-deb -X libasound2-dev_1.0.28-1+rpi1_armhf.deb foo
ls -FR foo

At this point, you can peruse the contents of "foo" - compare the files there to what is currently installed in your system; check the names, lengths, timestamps, and checksums (md5sum is good, but cksum is sufficient for a sanity check), to see if what currently resides on your system matches a given package.

| improve this answer | |
  • I've cleaned out the cache. I did find the libraries in /usr/lib/arm-linux-gnueabihf - but not sure if there's a way to tell what version it is. Extension is .2.0.0 - that doesn't seem to match with the latest being 1.0.28 – dbmitch Jul 10 '16 at 20:51
  • 1
    You might also try looking at /var/log/apt/history.log and /var/log/apt/term.log and their older gzipped brethren to see what version of the package got installed, – CarlRJ Jul 10 '16 at 21:20
  • (Added another suggestion to my original answer.) – CarlRJ Jul 10 '16 at 21:54
  • What I really want is version numbers for installed packages - if I can find a match - I'll try grepping the history. Thanks – dbmitch Jul 10 '16 at 22:16

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