Normally yes. Every USB device designed with a bit of sanity will enumerate its endpoints in the same order every time, and Linux will assign them names in form of
ttyUSBx, starting with 0.
Note that this will not be true if you e.g. plug another USB UART adapter first - it will get the name
ttyUSB0, and numbers in names assigned to your cable will increase by one. It's also conceivable that some device names may become unavailable - for example, if you unplug the cable while a process is trying to read from
ttyUSB0, the driver may not be able to remove it properly, so when you replug the cable, it will be assinged device names starting from