What visual programming language IDEs are available for programming Python on the Raspberry Pi? Especially for newbie.
A popular IDE is Geany which is fairly small and lightweight. Its supports Python as well as C, Java, PHP and HTML. It only requires the GTK2 runtime libraries to be installed.
You can install it from the terminal by running:
sudo apt-get install geany
Syntax highlighting, code folding, symbol name auto-completion, completion and snippets, call tips, code navigation, simple project management are all supported. I think you would be hard pressed to find a better alternative that is easier to install and works across as many different OS's and programming languages.
The official page can be found here.
Obviously the standard Python IDE comes with Raspbain by default which is decent especially for a newbie.
Otherwise, you could try Ninja IDE. Install it by opening a terminal window and running the following commands:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade sudo apt-get install ninja-ide
For the sake of a complete set of answers...
You can use Visual Studio on a PC to write Python programs for a Raspberry Pi running Windows 10 IoT.