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I am new to Raspberry PI. I am following button tutorial from adafruit site.

I have the made the connection needed but when I execute the code the following part is not returning values as expected

GPIO.input(23)
GPIO.input(24)
GPIO.input(25)

it is always returning false resulting in MP3 being played continuously.

I have double checked my circuit and it is as per the diagram shown.

Update:

I was able to get it to work by changing the code to setup the pins.

#!/usr/bin/env python

import os
from time import sleep

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO

GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BCM)
GPIO.setup(23, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down = GPIO.PUD_UP)#added pull_up_down
GPIO.setup(24, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down = GPIO.PUD_UP)#added pull_up_down
GPIO.setup(25, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down = GPIO.PUD_UP)#added pull_up_down

while True:
    if (GPIO.input(23) == False):
        os.system('mpg123 -q Dontfail.mp3 &')


    if (GPIO.input(24) == False):
        os.system('mpg123 -q Failedme.mp3 &')


    if (GPIO.input(25)== False):
        os.system('mpg123 -q Vadrbrth.mp3 &')

    sleep(0.1)

My question now is how come in the video the unedited program was working ? Has something changed in the new version of the Raspberry PI ?

Here is the photo of the circuit

another circuit photo

The rail at the top is connected with ground and the bottom is connected with 3.3v. The resistor is of 10k Ohm.

Update 2:

I did some digging into the code for setup and following were my observations:

If the pull_up_down parameter is not passed to the setup function it is assigned as PUD_OFF by default.

When the pull_up_downis PUD_OFF the process of setting pull up down function executes a different code which I am not able to understand now.

But by passing the value as PUD_UP the code necessary for setting it for using pull up resistor is used and it works as intended.

Any explanation regarding what is happening in this function is welcome.

  • 2
    We are going to need to see all of your code and photos of all the connections in your circuit. – Steve Robillard Jan 1 '17 at 17:04
  • The sample code is while True: if (GPIO.input(23) == False): os.system('mpg123 -q binary-language-moisture-evaporators.mp3 &') not what you have above. – Steve Robillard Jan 1 '17 at 17:05
  • @SteveRobillard : Thanks Steve. Will keep these things in mind while posting any further questions on the site – Anirudha Agashe Jan 1 '17 at 17:23
  • We can't answer without seeing your circuit. However, it looks like the circuit is supposed to have pullup resistors. – Steve Robillard Jan 1 '17 at 17:26
  • How should I put my circuit ? If by using Fritzing then it would be the same as that shown in the image on the site. If not by Fritzing then how ? – Anirudha Agashe Jan 1 '17 at 17:45
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If the other side of the switch is connected to ground, then a "pull_down" function would automatically give you a false result because the pull down resistor is also connecting to ground, effectively giving you a constant button pushed result. That pin will have a constant LOW (or FALSE) reading.

By applying the pull_up function, you are connecting the pull up resistor to +3.3V and that tells the RPi that the input is HIGH (or TRUE). This is used to stabilize the input and keep it from floating and possibly giving false readings.

Once you press the button, you effectively short that pin to ground and the RPi gets a LOW reading on that pin.

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