I am using a setup with three DS18B20 temperature sensors in a 3-wire setup (using a pullup resistor of 4.7 kOhm from data to 5v) on a raspi prototype shield. This works fine with a Raspi model B+ V1.2.

Now I am switching to a Raspi Pi 2 model B v1.1. The hardware connection as well as the GPIO hardware itself seems to be okay on the new board. I checked the GPIO pin 4 (default for 1-wire) through sysfs and verified that it can work as an output and as an input.

The old as well as the new board are run both under Raspbian.

What I tried so far:

First, I loaded w1-gpio using sudo modprobe w1-gpio (or alternatively through listing it in /etc/modules). Both ways it gets loaded (shown by lsmod). Additionally I loaded w1-therm the same way. However, the directory /sys/bus/w1/devices does not get populated indicating that the enumeration of the sensors does not work. There are no errors reported through dmesg. This behavior does not depend on enabling/disabling device-tree.

I gave it a second try using device-tree (enabled through raspi-config). I listed dtoverlay=w1-gpio,gpiopin=4,pullup=1 or just adding dtoverlay=w1-gpio. At the same time I removed any w1 entry from /etc/modules. After a reboot I noticed that w1-gpio was not loaded (not shown by lsmod). Again, dmesg gives no hints. Now I added dtdebug=on to /boot/config.txt and rebooted again. However, sudo vcdbg log msg gives no hints.

To be sure everything is up-to-date I upgraded the software and the firmware to the current level by

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade


Now uname shows

Linux raspberrypi 4.4.48-v7+ #964

However this did not help.

One strange detail: after updating/upgrading the Pi the directory /boot/overlays contains additional entries. For example aside of w1-gpio-overlay.dtb there is now a w1-gpio.dtbo.

Now I am somewhat out of new ideas what to try next, but maybe someone can give me helpful information.

Thank you for any help.


1 Answer 1


If you are using the default 1-wire bus GPIO 4 all you need in /boot/config.txt is the entry


You may power from 5V but the data line pull-up should be to 3V3. You may have damaged the GPIO and/or the Pi by exposing a GPIO to more than 3V3.

  • I checked again the loading of w1-gpio through device-tree: the result is taht it is not loaded, i.e. lsmod does not list it. Also, when I check /sys/kernel/debug/gpio gpio pin 4 is not in use. Additionally inspecting the signal at GPIO pin 4 dies not show any acitivity.
    – user62020
    Feb 17, 2017 at 15:56
  • Sorry for typos, the 5 min edit window cheated me.
    – user62020
    Feb 17, 2017 at 16:03
  • While I agree that connecting the pull-up resistor to 5 V is unwise the GPIO port 4 ist not broken - I checked the input and output direction.
    – user62020
    Feb 17, 2017 at 16:05
  • Manually loading of w1-gpio using modprobe works in that it can be seen by lsmod. But GPIO port 4 is not in use when checked through /sys/kernel/debug/gpio. Unclear why. Additionally, checking pin 4 by scope shows no activity.
    – user62020
    Feb 17, 2017 at 16:07
  • @Edul If the software is okay that leaves the hardware. Hopefully a poor or loose connection rather than a duff device. Photo?
    – joan
    Feb 17, 2017 at 16:09

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