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I have a Raspberry Pi 2 running behind a firewall that prevents inbound SSH connections, so I get the Raspberry Pi to create a reverse SSH tunnel to an external server so that I can get an SSH connection to the Pi via that external server. The command the Pi runs is something like this:

#!/bin/bash

while true; do
    ssh -R 19998:localhost:22 user1@www.user1website.pro
sleep 30
done

Then, on the server to which it connects, I can access the Pi using a command like the following:

ssh -X pi@localhost -p 19998

What I want is for the Raspberry Pi simply to boot to its terminal and then to run automatically this connection procedure for the user pi, i.e. not as root. What would be a good way to do this?

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Let's say the path to that script is /home/pi/bin/tunnel.sh.

Add this to /etc/rc.local:

export PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin

( exec sudo -H -u pi /home/pi/bin/tunnel.sh ) &

If this last line doesn't work, you could try instead:

nohup sudo -H -u pi /home/pi/bin/tunnel.sh &

This may solve issues related to the backgrounding.

And to the top of tunnel.sh:

export PATH=$HOME/bin:$PATH
exec &> /home/pi/tunnel.log
echo Starting $(date)

The purpose of that is explained here.

| improve this answer | |
  • Thanks very much for your suggestion there. It looks to be definitely along the right track. However, when I try to do this, the system seems to make an attempt to run my script, but then the system hangs at login. I note also that no output is saved to the log file (as you added to your code). What could be going wrong? Is there something else needed to handle my script that features its continuous loop? I thought that adding the & seemed reasonable, but maybe it isn't. What do you think? – BlandCorporation Jun 6 '17 at 14:45
  • I tweaked that a bit to use a subshell (the parantheses); see if that makes any difference. – goldilocks Jun 6 '17 at 16:53
  • I've also added a suggestion about using nohup; if that doesn't work I think you will need to create a systemd service (there's a User= option there). – goldilocks Jun 6 '17 at 17:18

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