How can I talk to digital sensors over the I²C interface?
Which pins on the Raspberry Pi's GPIO can I use?
What I²C libraries are available?
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There's a lot of information about RPi's GPIO here: http://elinux.org/Rpi_Low-level_peripherals
According to it, you can program any GPIO pins for I²C, but:
Pin 3 (SDA0) and Pin 5 (SCL0) are preset to be used as an I²C interface. So there are 1.8 kilohm pulls up resistors on the board for these pins.
That wiki page also has some low-level GPIO code examples for various languages that should get you started. If you need a refresher on what I²C actually is, here's one which also takes the RPi into account.
Lots of discussions going on about this. Here's what my reading and messing around with shows me:
As mentioned by Tapio, the hardware is well documented at http://elinux.org/Rpi_Low-level_peripherals
There is a i2c-dev header in the Linux userspace (
#include <linux/i2c-dev.h>). Furthermore you need a character decive to read from. This can be done by loading the correct modules.
i2c_bcm2708 for the low level driver and
i2c-dev for generating the character decives for the busses. Apply ...
sudo modprobe -r i2c_bcm2708 sudo modprobe i2c_bcm2708 baudrate=<your preferred baudrate>
for loading them on the fly. Apply ...
sudo sh -c 'echo "i2c-dev" >> /etc/modules' sudo sh -c 'echo "options i2c_bcm2708 baudrate=<your preferred baudrate>\n" > /etc/modprobe.d/custom.conf
/etc/modprobe.d/raspi-blacklist.conf to make
/dev/i2c-1 show up permanently.
From now on you can follow the hints on how to use I²C del maestro himself.
I prefer this method over others, because it is platformagnostic. Your can use
linux/i2c-dev.h with other devices too, as long as there exists a low level I²C driver.