0

I know there's a similar question, however it hasn't yielded an answer because the OP never answered the questions of a member who replied.

Specifically, I'm trying to get audio output through HDMI on a RaspberryPi 3 Model B.

I have set this dtparam=audio=on in my /boot/config.txt file, which I had to create a .txt file because one didn't exist.

My version:

xxxx@kali:/# uname -a
Linux kali 4.4.50-v7 #1 SMP Fri Apr 21 01:18:29 CDT 2017 armv7l GNU/Linux

Here is the output from dmesg:

[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
[    0.000000] Initializing cgroup subsys cpuset
[    0.000000] Initializing cgroup subsys cpu
[    0.000000] Initializing cgroup subsys cpuacct
[    0.000000] Linux version 4.4.50-v7 (root@builder) (gcc version 4.8.3 20140401 (prerelease) (crosstool-NG linaro-1.13.1-4.8-2014.04 - Linaro GCC 4.8-2014.04) ) #1 SMP Fri Apr 21 01:18:29 CDT 2017
[    0.000000] CPU: ARMv7 Processor [410fd034] revision 4 (ARMv7), cr=10c5383d
[    0.000000] CPU: PIPT / VIPT nonaliasing data cache, VIPT aliasing instruction cache
[    0.000000] Machine model: Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Rev 1.2
[    0.000000] cma: Reserved 8 MiB at 0x3a800000
[    0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writealloc
[    0.000000] On node 0 totalpages: 241664
[    0.000000] free_area_init_node: node 0, pgdat 808e0a00, node_mem_map b9fa6000
[    0.000000]   Normal zone: 2124 pages used for memmap
[    0.000000]   Normal zone: 0 pages reserved
[    0.000000]   Normal zone: 241664 pages, LIFO batch:31
[    0.000000] [bcm2709_smp_init_cpus] enter (9540->f3003010)
[    0.000000] [bcm2709_smp_init_cpus] ncores=4
[    0.000000] PERCPU: Embedded 13 pages/cpu @b9f62000 s22720 r8192 d22336 u53248
[    0.000000] pcpu-alloc: s22720 r8192 d22336 u53248 alloc=13*4096
[    0.000000] pcpu-alloc: [0] 0 [0] 1 [0] 2 [0] 3 
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 239540
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: 8250.nr_uarts=0 bcm2708_fb.fbwidth=1366 bcm2708_fb.fbheight=768 bcm2708_fb.fbswap=1 dma.dmachans=0x7f35 bcm2709.boardrev=0xa02082 bcm2709.serial=0x892b791b bcm2709.uart_clock=48000000 smsc95xx.macaddr=B8:27:EB:2B:79:1B vc_mem.mem_base=0x3dc00000 vc_mem.mem_size=0x3f000000  dwc_otg.fiq_fix_enable=2 console=ttyS0,115200 kgdboc=ttyS0,115200 console=tty1 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext4 rootwait rootflags=noload net.ifnames=0
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 131072 (order: 7, 524288 bytes)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 65536 (order: 6, 262144 bytes)
[    0.000000] Memory: 938944K/966656K available (6436K kernel code, 440K rwdata, 1732K rodata, 484K init, 772K bss, 19520K reserved, 8192K cma-reserved)
[    0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:
                   vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
                   fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
                   vmalloc : 0xbb800000 - 0xff800000   (1088 MB)
                   lowmem  : 0x80000000 - 0xbb000000   ( 944 MB)
                   modules : 0x7f000000 - 0x80000000   (  16 MB)
                     .text : 0x80008000 - 0x808023b0   (8169 kB)
                     .init : 0x80803000 - 0x8087c000   ( 484 kB)
                     .data : 0x8087c000 - 0x808ea0e8   ( 441 kB)
                      .bss : 0x808ed000 - 0x809ae22c   ( 773 kB)
[    0.000000] SLUB: HWalign=64, Order=0-3, MinObjects=0, CPUs=4, Nodes=1
[    0.000000] Hierarchical RCU implementation.
[    0.000000]  Build-time adjustment of leaf fanout to 32.
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16
[    0.000000] Architected cp15 timer(s) running at 19.20MHz (phys).
[    0.000000] clocksource: arch_sys_counter: mask: 0xffffffffffffff max_cycles: 0x46d987e47, max_idle_ns: 440795202767 ns
[    0.000008] sched_clock: 56 bits at 19MHz, resolution 52ns, wraps every 4398046511078ns
[    0.000026] Switching to timer-based delay loop, resolution 52ns
[    0.000283] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[    0.001334] console [tty1] enabled
[    0.001379] Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 38.40 BogoMIPS (lpj=192000)
[    0.001446] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[    0.001785] Mount-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
[    0.001829] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 2048 (order: 1, 8192 bytes)
[    0.002807] Disabling cpuset control group subsystem
[    0.002867] Initializing cgroup subsys io
[    0.002919] Initializing cgroup subsys memory
[    0.002984] Initializing cgroup subsys devices
[    0.003027] Initializing cgroup subsys freezer
[    0.003070] Initializing cgroup subsys net_cls
[    0.003112] Initializing cgroup subsys perf_event
[    0.003153] Initializing cgroup subsys net_prio
[    0.003204] Initializing cgroup subsys pids
[    0.003274] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[    0.003363] ftrace: allocating 21587 entries in 64 pages
[    0.053764] CPU0: update cpu_capacity 1024
[    0.053829] CPU0: thread -1, cpu 0, socket 0, mpidr 80000000
[    0.053862] [bcm2709_smp_prepare_cpus] enter
[    0.054015] Setting up static identity map for 0x8240 - 0x8274
[    0.055696] [bcm2709_boot_secondary] cpu:1 started (0) 18
[    0.056023] [bcm2709_secondary_init] enter cpu:1
[    0.056063] CPU1: update cpu_capacity 1024
[    0.056069] CPU1: thread -1, cpu 1, socket 0, mpidr 80000001
[    0.056454] [bcm2709_boot_secondary] cpu:2 started (0) 18
[    0.056715] [bcm2709_secondary_init] enter cpu:2
[    0.056736] CPU2: update cpu_capacity 1024
[    0.056742] CPU2: thread -1, cpu 2, socket 0, mpidr 80000002
[    0.057109] [bcm2709_boot_secondary] cpu:3 started (0) 17
[    0.057292] [bcm2709_secondary_init] enter cpu:3
[    0.057312] CPU3: update cpu_capacity 1024
[    0.057318] CPU3: thread -1, cpu 3, socket 0, mpidr 80000003
[    0.057379] Brought up 4 CPUs
[    0.057477] SMP: Total of 4 processors activated (153.60 BogoMIPS).
[    0.057506] CPU: All CPU(s) started in HYP mode.
[    0.057531] CPU: Virtualization extensions available.
[    0.058195] devtmpfs: initialized
[    0.068979] VFP support v0.3: implementor 41 architecture 3 part 40 variant 3 rev 4
[    0.069354] clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 19112604462750000 ns
[    0.070068] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem
[    0.070643] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[    0.075825] DMA: preallocated 4096 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
[    0.082593] hw-breakpoint: found 5 (+1 reserved) breakpoint and 4 watchpoint registers.
[    0.082642] hw-breakpoint: maximum watchpoint size is 8 bytes.
[    0.082813] Serial: AMBA PL011 UART driver
[    0.082964] uart-pl011 3f201000.uart: could not find pctldev for node /soc/gpio@7e200000/uart0_pins, deferring probe
[    0.083191] bcm2835-mbox 3f00b880.mailbox: mailbox enabled
[    0.145889] bcm2835-dma 3f007000.dma: DMA legacy API manager at f3007000, dmachans=0x1
[    0.146502] SCSI subsystem initialized
[    0.146703] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[    0.146813] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[    0.146932] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[    0.153301] raspberrypi-firmware soc:firmware: Attached to firmware from 2017-04-19 13:30
[    0.180508] clocksource: Switched to clocksource arch_sys_counter
[    0.223976] FS-Cache: Loaded
[    0.224290] CacheFiles: Loaded
[    0.236644] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[    0.237514] TCP established hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.237653] TCP bind hash table entries: 8192 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[    0.237863] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 8192 bind 8192)
[    0.237978] UDP hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[    0.238046] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 512 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[    0.238301] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[    0.238659] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
[    0.238691] RPC: Registered udp transport module.
[    0.238719] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
[    0.238746] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
[    0.239778] hw perfevents: enabled with armv7_cortex_a7 PMU driver, 7 counters available
[    0.241223] futex hash table entries: 1024 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[    0.254830] VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.6.0
[    0.255164] VFS: Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.257443] FS-Cache: Netfs 'nfs' registered for caching
[    0.258391] NFS: Registering the id_resolver key type
[    0.258454] Key type id_resolver registered
[    0.258483] Key type id_legacy registered
[    0.263697] Block layer SCSI generic (bsg) driver version 0.4 loaded (major 252)
[    0.263874] io scheduler noop registered
[    0.263910] io scheduler deadline registered
[    0.263980] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[    0.266529] BCM2708FB: allocated DMA memory fac10000
[    0.266577] BCM2708FB: allocated DMA channel 0 @ f3007000
[    0.296533] Console: switching to colour frame buffer device 170x48
[    0.314776] bcm2835-rng 3f104000.rng: hwrng registered
[    0.315013] vc-cma: Videocore CMA driver
[    0.315130] vc-cma: vc_cma_base      = 0x00000000
[    0.315266] vc-cma: vc_cma_size      = 0x00000000 (0 MiB)
[    0.315419] vc-cma: vc_cma_initial   = 0x00000000 (0 MiB)
[    0.315771] vc-mem: phys_addr:0x00000000 mem_base=0x3dc00000 mem_size:0x3f000000(1008 MiB)
[    0.330824] brd: module loaded
[    0.339545] loop: module loaded
[    0.340635] vchiq: vchiq_init_state: slot_zero = 0xbac80000, is_master = 0
[    0.342315] Loading iSCSI transport class v2.0-870.
[    0.343107] usbcore: registered new interface driver smsc95xx
[    0.343321] dwc_otg: version 3.00a 10-AUG-2012 (platform bus)
[    0.543776] Core Release: 2.80a
[    0.548673] Setting default values for core params
[    0.553675] Finished setting default values for core params
[    0.759037] Using Buffer DMA mode
[    0.763964] Periodic Transfer Interrupt Enhancement - disabled
[    0.768921] Multiprocessor Interrupt Enhancement - disabled
[    0.773885] OTG VER PARAM: 0, OTG VER FLAG: 0
[    0.778797] Dedicated Tx FIFOs mode
[    0.783961] WARN::dwc_otg_hcd_init:1047: FIQ DMA bounce buffers: virt = 0xbac04000 dma = 0xfac04000 len=9024
[    0.789063] FIQ FSM acceleration enabled for :
               Non-periodic Split Transactions
               Periodic Split Transactions
               High-Speed Isochronous Endpoints
               Interrupt/Control Split Transaction hack enabled
[    0.814371] dwc_otg: Microframe scheduler enabled
[    0.814422] WARN::hcd_init_fiq:415: FIQ on core 1 at 0x80458c70
[    0.819475] WARN::hcd_init_fiq:416: FIQ ASM at 0x80458fd4 length 36
[    0.824465] WARN::hcd_init_fiq:441: MPHI regs_base at 0xbb87e000
[    0.829447] dwc_otg 3f980000.usb: DWC OTG Controller
[    0.834394] dwc_otg 3f980000.usb: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[    0.839343] dwc_otg 3f980000.usb: irq 62, io mem 0x00000000
[    0.844292] Init: Port Power? op_state=1
[    0.849144] Init: Power Port (0)
[    0.854194] usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002
[    0.859136] usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1
[    0.864036] usb usb1: Product: DWC OTG Controller
[    0.868898] usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 4.4.50-v7 dwc_otg_hcd
[    0.873841] usb usb1: SerialNumber: 3f980000.usb
[    0.879594] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[    0.884559] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[    0.890127] dwc_otg: FIQ enabled
[    0.890137] dwc_otg: NAK holdoff enabled
[    0.890144] dwc_otg: FIQ split-transaction FSM enabled
[    0.890181] Module dwc_common_port init
[    0.890440] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[    0.895707] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[    0.901385] bcm2835-cpufreq: min=600000 max=1200000
[    0.906582] sdhci: Secure Digital Host Controller Interface driver
[    0.911603] sdhci: Copyright(c) Pierre Ossman
[    0.916978] sdhost: log_buf @ bac07000 (fac07000)
[    0.980631] mmc0: sdhost-bcm2835 loaded - DMA enabled (>1)
[    0.987980] mmc-bcm2835 3f300000.mmc: mmc_debug:0 mmc_debug2:0
[    0.993040] mmc-bcm2835 3f300000.mmc: DMA channel allocated
[    1.040616] sdhci-pltfm: SDHCI platform and OF driver helper
[    1.045983] ledtrig-cpu: registered to indicate activity on CPUs
[    1.051114] hidraw: raw HID events driver (C) Jiri Kosina
[    1.056290] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
[    1.061305] usbhid: USB HID core driver
[    1.066825] Initializing XFRM netlink socket
[    1.071862] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[    1.076933] Key type dns_resolver registered
[    1.082442] Indeed it is in host mode hprt0 = 00021501
[    1.083021] mmc0: host does not support reading read-only switch, assuming write-enable
[    1.086220] mmc0: new high speed SDXC card at address aaaa
[    1.086609] Registering SWP/SWPB emulation handler
[    1.086919] mmcblk0: mmc0:aaaa SL128 119 GiB
[    1.087519] registered taskstats version 1
[    1.093599] Key type encrypted registered
[    1.093687] vc-sm: Videocore shared memory driver
[    1.093695] [vc_sm_connected_init]: start
[    1.094199] [vc_sm_connected_init]: end - returning 0
[    1.094553]  mmcblk0: p1 p2
[    1.095516] 3f201000.uart: ttyAMA0 at MMIO 0x3f201000 (irq = 87, base_baud = 0) is a PL011 rev2
[    1.095892] of_cfs_init
[    1.095975] of_cfs_init: OK
[    1.113215] mmc1: queuing unknown CIS tuple 0x80 (2 bytes)
[    1.114763] mmc1: queuing unknown CIS tuple 0x80 (3 bytes)
[    1.116311] mmc1: queuing unknown CIS tuple 0x80 (3 bytes)
[    1.119093] mmc1: queuing unknown CIS tuple 0x80 (7 bytes)
[    1.178980] EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p2): mounted filesystem without journal. Opts: noload
[    1.183753] VFS: Mounted root (ext4 filesystem) readonly on device 179:2.
[    1.191118] devtmpfs: mounted
[    1.196436] Freeing unused kernel memory: 484K (80803000 - 8087c000)
[    1.209141] mmc1: new high speed SDIO card at address 0001
[    1.340559] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 2 using dwc_otg
[    1.345591] Indeed it is in host mode hprt0 = 00001101
[    1.550847] usb 1-1: New USB device found, idVendor=0424, idProduct=9514
[    1.555885] usb 1-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=0, SerialNumber=0
[    1.561750] hub 1-1:1.0: USB hub found
[    1.566765] hub 1-1:1.0: 5 ports detected
[    1.603473] systemd[1]: System time before build time, advancing clock.
[    1.705720] NET: Registered protocol family 10
[    1.732106] ip_tables: (C) 2000-2006 Netfilter Core Team
[    1.783499] systemd[1]: systemd 234 running in system mode. (+PAM +AUDIT +SELINUX +IMA +APPARMOR +SMACK +SYSVINIT +UTMP +LIBCRYPTSETUP +GCRYPT +GNUTLS +ACL +XZ +LZ4 +SECCOMP +BLKID +ELFUTILS +KMOD -IDN2 +IDN default-hierarchy=hybrid)
[    1.794981] systemd[1]: Detected architecture arm.
[    1.847201] systemd[1]: Set hostname to <kali>.
[    1.850540] usb 1-1.1: new high-speed USB device number 3 using dwc_otg
[    1.951092] usb 1-1.1: New USB device found, idVendor=0424, idProduct=ec00
[    1.957312] usb 1-1.1: New USB device strings: Mfr=0, Product=0, SerialNumber=0
[    1.983737] smsc95xx v1.0.4
[    2.054150] smsc95xx 1-1.1:1.0 eth0: register 'smsc95xx' at usb-3f980000.usb-1.1, smsc95xx USB 2.0 Ethernet, b8:27:eb:2b:79:1b
[    2.150607] usb 1-1.2: new full-speed USB device number 4 using dwc_otg
[    2.287582] usb 1-1.2: New USB device found, idVendor=046d, idProduct=c52b
[    2.293353] usb 1-1.2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=0
[    2.299049] usb 1-1.2: Product: USB Receiver
[    2.304738] usb 1-1.2: Manufacturer: Logitech
[    2.411695] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.417955] systemd[1]: Listening on Journal Socket (/dev/log).
[    2.430932] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.437986] systemd[1]: Created slice System Slice.
[    2.451200] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.480787] systemd[1]: Mounting POSIX Message Queue File System...
[    2.495570] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.506869] systemd[1]: Mounting Kernel Debug File System...
[    2.524758] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.533099] systemd[1]: Started Dispatch Password Requests to Console Directory Watch.
[    2.549204] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.557659] systemd[1]: Created slice User and Session Slice.
[    2.576764] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.584258] systemd[1]: Reached target Slices.
[    2.599827] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.607830] systemd[1]: Set up automount Arbitrary Executable File Formats File System Automount Point.
[    2.623826] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.631822] systemd[1]: Listening on udev Control Socket.
[    2.647332] random: systemd: uninitialized urandom read (16 bytes read, 81 bits of entropy available)
[    2.654975] systemd[1]: Listening on Syslog Socket.
[    2.670804] systemd[1]: Listening on Journal Socket.
[    2.711016] systemd[1]: Starting Create list of required static device nodes for the current kernel...
[    2.739198] systemd[1]: Starting Journal Service...
[    2.763833] systemd[1]: Starting Load Kernel Modules...
[    2.782244] systemd[1]: Listening on fsck to fsckd communication Socket.
[    2.803340] systemd[1]: Starting File System Check on Root Device...
[    2.823279] systemd[1]: Created slice system-getty.slice.
[    2.840460] systemd[1]: Reached target Swap.
[    2.857688] systemd[1]: Listening on udev Kernel Socket.
[    2.874554] systemd[1]: Listening on /dev/initctl Compatibility Named Pipe.
[    2.890467] systemd[1]: Reached target Remote File Systems.
[    2.906320] systemd[1]: Started Forward Password Requests to Wall Directory Watch.
[    2.922278] systemd[1]: Reached target Encrypted Volumes.
[    2.938081] systemd[1]: Reached target Paths.
[    2.997400] systemd[1]: Mounted Kernel Debug File System.
[    3.013113] systemd[1]: Mounted POSIX Message Queue File System.
[    3.027764] systemd[1]: Started Journal Service.
[    3.133107] EXT4-fs (mmcblk0p2): re-mounted. Opts: errors=remount-ro
[    3.305638] systemd-journald[137]: Received request to flush runtime journal from PID 1
[    3.822100] bcm2835-wdt 3f100000.watchdog: Broadcom BCM2835 watchdog timer
[    3.830868] gpiomem-bcm2835 3f200000.gpiomem: Initialised: Registers at 0x3f200000
[    4.171191] usbcore: registered new interface driver brcmfmac
[    4.193306] logitech-djreceiver 0003:046D:C52B.0003: hiddev0,hidraw0: USB HID v1.11 Device [Logitech USB Receiver] on usb-3f980000.usb-1.2/input2
[    4.338297] brcmfmac: brcmf_c_preinit_dcmds: Firmware version = wl0: Dec 15 2015 18:10:45 version 7.45.41.23 (r606571) FWID 01-cc4eda9c
[    4.368527] brcmfmac: brcmf_cfg80211_reg_notifier: not a ISO3166 code
[    4.389932] input: Logitech M215 2nd Gen as /devices/platform/soc/3f980000.usb/usb1/1-1/1-1.2/1-1.2:1.2/0003:046D:C52B.0003/0003:046D:401B.0004/input/input0
[    4.397646] logitech-hidpp-device 0003:046D:401B.0004: input,hidraw1: USB HID v1.11 Mouse [Logitech M215 2nd Gen] on usb-3f980000.usb-1.2:1
[    4.415107] input: Logitech K330 as /devices/platform/soc/3f980000.usb/usb1/1-1/1-1.2/1-1.2:1.2/0003:046D:C52B.0003/0003:046D:4016.0005/input/input1
[    4.424429] logitech-hidpp-device 0003:046D:4016.0005: input,hidraw2: USB HID v1.11 Keyboard [Logitech K330] on usb-3f980000.usb-1.2:2
[    4.445400] random: nonblocking pool is initialized
[    4.446030] brcmfmac: brcmf_cfg80211_reg_notifier: not a ISO3166 code
[    4.446040] cfg80211: World regulatory domain updated:
[    4.446048] cfg80211:  DFS Master region: unset
[    4.446049] cfg80211:   (start_freq - end_freq @ bandwidth), (max_antenna_gain, max_eirp), (dfs_cac_time)
[    4.446059] cfg80211:   (2402000 KHz - 2472000 KHz @ 40000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A)
[    4.446069] cfg80211:   (2457000 KHz - 2482000 KHz @ 20000 KHz, 92000 KHz AUTO), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A)
[    4.446075] cfg80211:   (2474000 KHz - 2494000 KHz @ 20000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A)
[    4.446083] cfg80211:   (5170000 KHz - 5250000 KHz @ 80000 KHz, 160000 KHz AUTO), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A)
[    4.446091] cfg80211:   (5250000 KHz - 5330000 KHz @ 80000 KHz, 160000 KHz AUTO), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (0 s)
[    4.446098] cfg80211:   (5490000 KHz - 5730000 KHz @ 160000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (0 s)
[    4.446105] cfg80211:   (5735000 KHz - 5835000 KHz @ 80000 KHz), (N/A, 2000 mBm), (N/A)
[    4.446111] cfg80211:   (57240000 KHz - 63720000 KHz @ 2160000 KHz), (N/A, 0 mBm), (N/A)
[    5.703982] smsc95xx 1-1.1:1.0 eth0: hardware isn't capable of remote wakeup
[    5.704156] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready
[    6.316133] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
[    6.363823] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ERROR: netdev:wlan0 already exists
[    6.370790] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ignore IF event
[    6.383468] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
[    6.390028] brcmfmac: power management disabled
[    6.916656] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
[    6.922929] brcmfmac: power management disabled
[    7.325658] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ERROR: netdev:wlan0 already exists
[    7.331296] brcmfmac: brcmf_add_if: ignore IF event
[    7.337791] brcmfmac: brcmf_p2p_create_p2pdev: set p2p_disc error
[    7.364227] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
[   91.200349] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): wlan0: link is not ready
[   91.200400] brcmfmac: power management disabled
[   92.224740] IPv6: ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): wlan0: link becomes ready
1

Audio over HDMI sometimes doesn't work out of the box on Raspbian, and the same might be the case with Kali. When you run sudo aplay /usr/share/sounds/alsa/Front_Center.wav does it say /dev/dsp: No such file or directory? If so, this is common and addressed by running:

sudo modprobe snd-pcm-oss

That failing, in general when getting sound to work on an unfamiliar single-board computer it's often the process of going down this list

I have set this dtparam=audio=on in my /boot/config.txt file, which I had to create a .txt file because one didn't exist.

Makes sense. /boot/config.txt exists on Raspbian by default, but on Kali you need to explicitly mount the boot partition then manually create config.txt.

Specific to HDMI, hdmi_drive=2 does appear to be supported on Kali just like Raspbian, so you could rule that out.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.