I found this code somewhere, that can execute Python scripts from PHP.

I've installed apache2 on the Pi and I'm able to access the PHP script. But when I press the HTML buttons, nothing happens! :(

When I execute the python script via SSH, it works.. so theres nothing wrong with the python scripts I think.

I'm using WebIOPi to monitor the status of the GPIO pins.

Whats the mistake?

PS: I know that this may not be a very safe approach to control the GPIO. I just wanna give it a try though :)


if (isset($_POST['RedON']))
exec('sudo python /var/www/red_on.py');
if (isset($_POST['RedOFF']))
exec('sudo python /var/www/red_off.py');
if (isset($_POST['YellowON']))
exec('sudo python /var/www/gpio/yellow_on.py');
if (isset($_POST['YellowOFF']))
exec('sudo python /var/www/gpio/yellow_off.py');
if (isset($_POST['GreenON']))
exec('sudo python /var/www/gpio/green_on.py');
if (isset($_POST['GreenOFF']))
exec('sudo python /var/www/gpio/green_off.py');

<form method="post">
 style="width: 75%; text-align: left; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;"
 border="0" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2">
        <td style="text-align: center;">Turn LED on</td>
        <td style="text-align: center;">Turn LED off</td>
    <td style="text-align: center;"><button name="RedON">Red On</button></td>
    <td style="text-align: center;"><button name="RedOFF">Red Off</button></td>
    <td style="text-align: center;"><button name="YellowON">Yellow On</button></td>
    <td style="text-align: center;"><button name="YellowOFF">Yellow Off</button></td>
    <td style="text-align: center;"><button name="GreenON">Green On</button></td>
    <td style="text-align: center;"><button name="GreenOFF">Green Off</button></td>
  • I understand that this is a permission issue. Any suggestions to resolve the same is much appreciated :) – Krish May 11 '13 at 6:21

The command sudo python XYZ will be execute as the apache user. You'll need to add this user to your sudoers file.

sudo echo "apache ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL" >> /etc/sudoers

Replace "apache" with your systems apache username (may be "www-data", "httpd" or "www" on some systems.)


Why use Apache or PHP at all? SimpleHTTPServer is extremely simple to set-up. You can have this server handle your python scripts, while running with super-user privileges.

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  • Worked! Thanks. The username was www-data in my case. :) And yeah, Apache2 is heavy! Thanks for the suggestion too. – Krish May 13 '13 at 18:57

sudo python /var/www/red_on.py most probably asks for a sudo password, which is not provided anywhere, and the command fails.

you may try echo <password> | sudo -S ..., however I haven't checked if output redirect works well in the PHP exec().

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  • 1
    This will work. From man pages, you'll need to run sudo with this -S switch to read password from stdin. echo <password> | sudo -S ... – emcconville May 13 '13 at 18:52

Try running the following commands

chown root:root ./script
chmod 4775 ./script
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