I am trying to get an audio stream from Bluetooth to the stdin of fm_transmitter on my Raspberry Pi 3 / up-to-date Raspbian Stretch.

So far, I got FM-Transmitter running with an ICE-Cast-Stream using ffmpeg & my Pi is playing Music from Spotify via bluetooth (I installed blueman next to the things I followed from this Tutorial).

To archive this, I tried using ffmpeg -f s16le -i hw:0 - | fm_transmitter -f 87.6 - as mentioned in tutorials, and tested with all the other devices listed with aplay -L. But it can not listen to any of the sources / can't find it.

So as main concern, I am wondering which tool can link an audio-source to the pipe.

  • You can create a named pipe to output to fm transmission. From there you can create a sink to output to your named pipe: load-module module-pipe-sink file=/named/pipe sink_name=Fm_transmission , then stream to the new sink. Dec 11, 2017 at 5:56
  • Sorry, just saw using ffmpeg and stretch. Just assumed you were using pulseaudio when I saw Bluetooth. Dec 11, 2017 at 6:07

1 Answer 1


ffmpeg seems not to be able to do what I need and aplay -L wasn't capable of finding Bluetooth sources. But with pactl list sources short I finally found the A2DP-source.

Anyways, after messing around with sox, I finally got an audio signal from default-device to bash, but it was stuttering as I used the following command.

$ sox -d -t raw -r 22.05k -b 8 - gain -5 | fm_transmitter -f 87.6 -

After I thought of the sampling rate at first place being 44.8k, and the piped rate being 22.05k - which is not perfectly dividable - I tried different tempo rates.

I found tempo 0.97 being fine for me, still it stutters in the first seconds but then it works.

The only issue is, the tempo reduce adds a slight stacking delay - which isn't perfect nor real-time at all.

$ sox -d -t raw -b 8 -r 22050 - gain -5 tempo 0.97 | fm_transmitter -f 87.6 -

Playing: stdin, 22050 Hz, 16 bits, mono

Input File     : 'default' (alsa)
Channels       : 2
Sample Rate    : 48000
Precision      : 16-bit
Sample Encoding: 16-bit Signed Integer PCM

In:0.00% 00:07:15.97 [00:00:00.00] Out:9.90M [ =====|===== ] Hd:4.4 Clip:0

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