I read that 8-bit is faster than SPI, how much faster is 8-bit than SPI?
Say, if I wanted to run a video loop of a wheel spinning, would the speed difference between SPI and 8-bit mode be obvious?
I assume you are talking about connecting a display on the GPIO of the PI.
Here are some speed benchmarks for the GPIOS: github page, and one can toggle a GPIO on the PI 3 at 65.8Mhz.
This is the speed for toggling one bit. If you want to drive a 8-bit parallel bus, you will need to drive the 8-bits of data + the control bits (at least the write signal), so you will probably need to write one more register in every loop, reducing the speed by 33% -> ~43.8 MHz. So the maximum theoretical bandwith is ~43.8 MB/s.
According to this answer, the SPI can run at 125 MHz, giving a maximum bandwidth of 15.625 MB/s (125/8 bits).
The GPIO method using one full core at 100% can be almost 3 times faster than the SPI, but since the SPI is driven by DMA, it will use much less CPU.
On a Rapsberry PI 2, the gain will be slightly less, and on a Raspberry PI 1 it will even be slower than the SPI.
If you really need a video output, all Raspberry PI except the zero have a DSI connector, which is really the better way of connecting a display to it (the software and the hardware already exist).