POSIX systems such as GNU/Linux use root filesystems where each file has mandatory permissions set on it.
The superuser (aka.
root) on such a system can access anything. Raspbian exploits the sudo application to do something which would normally be considered moronic, since it short circuits a basic tenant of the permissions system, which is that a normal user used to e.g., browse the web, should not have permission to do anything. But via
pi user can. It's implicit in this that the default Raspbian configuration assumes:
That anyone who uses the system as is has no real security concerns: Your pi is connected to your LAN and is a toy device.
That the user is unfamiliar with file permissions, etc., and doing this makes it easy since you do not have to learn much about it, you just have to use
Is there any way of viewing your user privileges and changing them to full administrative so I am able to access this folder.
You already have that as much as it is possible, you just have to use
sudo. Via this you can read and change permissions/ownership (see
man chmod and
man chown) on anything.
There are a couple of gotcha's, such as the fact that
sudo does not work across shell redirection. However, you should be able to use
su (switch user) to become
su root). If this does not work you may need to set a root password first via
sudo passwd root. Beware this is not the same as user