I installed Ubuntu MATE 16.04 on a 16 GB microSD card and am trying to setup headlessly. I'm trying to SSH into the Pi. I am able to ping the Pi. I added an empty file "ssh" to the boot partition but connection is still being refused. nmap shows all ports down. Unfortunately since I don't have a monitor I have to do it headlessly.

  • Okay never mind I found that the first boot requires monitor since it won't be able to enable SSH service until user account etc is set up Commented May 2, 2018 at 16:59
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    This seems to be a special need of Ubuntu MATE 16.04. With Raspbian you don't need a monitor for first boot. Please can you make your comment an answer and accept it?
    – Ingo
    Commented May 2, 2018 at 18:26

1 Answer 1


As you cannot setup Ubuntu MATE without a keyboard/monitor - BECAUSE you need to create a user account, there seems little point.

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