I just bought a new Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ with the official power supply. When inserted, it does absolutely nothing. None of the LEDs light up, with or without an SD card.
However, a cheap phone adapter does work. It shows the red LED without the SD card, and I can boot into the OS normally. Unfortunately, the Pi then reports undervoltage (the lightning symbol).
I also tested the official adapter to see if it could charge a phone, and it could.
What does this mean?