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I have a RPi3 B with an SD (16GB) created with balenaEtcher from '2019-04-08-raspbian-stretch-full'. I've cloned it, first with Win32DiskImager, and now with rpi-clone. It wouldn't boot in either case. '[FAILED] Failed to start udev Kernel Device Manager' shows 4 or 5 times, right after an [OK] Reached local Target File Systems (pre) statement. There are a few dozen OK statements and one or two errors after that before it goes into Emergency mode, and fails the console login.

The two SDs are the same brand and size. I tried the balenaEtcher/2019-04-08-raspbian-stretch-full on the destination SD, it configured and updated normally and boots and runs fine. Tried rpi-clone again on this SD (figured now the partitions and formatting had to be correct), still no boot.

Any suggestions?

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Surprising (to me anyway) answer to the problem ... the brand of the SD card is the issue. I was using 'Binful' cards. These appear to work in every other respect on RPis and phones. I just got some SanDisk cards, and now both the RPi copier and Win32DiskImager works fine. I had tried a 3 new Binful cards, all with the same (poor) results. The SanDisk cards work every time.

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Use the SD Card Copier which is included in Raspbian.

  • It took quite a while to get it going. It wouldn't even start from the GUI, and I got permission errors when I did run it from a terminal window.. Finally I tried it from a keyboard/mouse plugged directly into the RPI, as opposed to VNC. Yea, working clone! I must have some permission errors to work out on VNC. Thanks. – Bob Russo May 9 '19 at 19:08
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Question

RPi3B SD16GB balenaEtcher 2019-04-08-raspbian-stretch-full runs fine.

Either Win32DiskImager, or rpi-clone won't boot

Answer

You seems to say that BalenaEtcher is good, and WinDiskImager or Rpi-clone won't work.

Some days ago I used WinDiskImager V1.0 to create SD cards for Raspbian 2019April and everything went smoothly.

These days, to copy SD cards, I either use WinDiskImager V1.0 or the Rpi Desktop GUI accessory SD Card Copier.

WinDiskImager is good because (1) You can copy SD cards with your Win7/10 PC when you are busy with Rpi, but PC is lying idle. (2) You can use SHA256 hash to write/verify to make sure that every SD card you copy is safe and secure.

On the other hand, Rpi Desk GUI accessory SD Card Copier is good for two other reasons (1) you can copy cards freely without worrying card sizes. There is no problem copying big card to small, or vice versa, (2) You can make copies as your project progresses, say, reaching some milestones.

In those old days when the very newbie friendly Rpi CD card copier was not yet born, I did try a couple of third party clone tools. The trouble is that often they don't upgrade as fast as Raspbian OS. So every time Raspbian upgrades, I find those tools no longer work, and I need to wait update for some time, sometimes for ever, because the developer won't support any longer! (Note 1) :(

One more thing, your WinDiskImager might be outdated. For your troubleshooting, below is a record of using WinDisdImager V1.0 to install Raspbian Version 2019April and boot successfully on Rpi3B+.

WinnDiskManager installing Raspbian 2019Apr (*Downloads: 57,207 This Week*)

Note 1

A couple of years ago I tried RpiClone and found it very good, because it can copy big SD cards to small SD cards. However it is too powerful for newbies like me, who don't know about partitioning, not to mention syncing. But it is still more friendly than using other newbie scary tools like DD etc. But then Jessie upgraded to Stretch and my RpiClone no longer worked. So I had to sadly switch back from Stretch to Jessie in order to use RpiClone to copy big SD cards to small cards (I am a poor hobbyist and cannot afford to buy too many big cards. So I usually buy one or two expensive big card and many more cheapy small cards). Of course now I can use the very newbie friendly Rpi Card Copier and all bad dreams disappear and I can sleep well ever after! :)

/ to continue, ...

References

Win32 Disk Imager v1.0 for Win7/8.1/10 (Downloads: 57,207 This Week)

Rpi-Clone A shell script to clone a booted disk - V2.0

Balena Etcher (& Pro)

  • "You seems to say that BalenaEtcher is good, and WinDiskImager or Rpi-clone won't work.".....I was trying to indicate (poorly :-)) that the destination SD was good, as it ran a new install from balenaEtcher well. I've yet to get a clone to work using the other programs. I'm trying the RPi SD copier now. I'll see if it boots in the morning. – Bob Russo May 9 '19 at 4:13
  • Many thanks for your clarification. I hope you have good news for WinDiskImager and RpiClone. – tlfong01 May 9 '19 at 4:35
  • It took quite a while to get it going. It wouldn't even start from the GUI, and I got permission errors when I did run it from a terminal window.. Finally I tried it from a keyboard/mouse plugged directly into the RPI, as opposed to VNC. Yea, working clone! I must have some permission errors to work out on VNC. I'll likely try RPI clone the same way. As for the Windows imager, I'll update that and give it a go when some more SD cards come in. Thanks. – Bob Russo May 9 '19 at 19:11

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