The way to install the Java JDK is to run the following commands:
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre
This installs the Java JRE (Java Runtime Environment) which will allow you to run applications written in Java.
You asked for the JDK so to install that also do:
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk
This allows you to compile Java applications to bytecode.
If you want the Oracle Java system (which may be slightly faster and is also a developer preview so developing with this would not be a good idea until some time into the future), instead of the above instructions you need to download the file called
Oracle JDK 8 (with JavaFX) for ARM Early Access on the Oracle Java JDK page.
Remember to download the Oracle Java system on your Pi, or you won't be able to install it.
To install the Oracle Java System:
tar zxvf jdk-8-ea-b36e-linux-arm-hflt-29_nov_2012.tar.gz sudo mv jdk1.8.0 /usr/local/java export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/java/bin java -version
Then it is all installed.
Another thing, if you are using OpenJDK run this command:
java -version. If the output is:
java version 1.5.0 gij (GNU libgij)
Then the installation has not gone through correctly. You can resolve the issue by running
sudo update-alternatives --config java
and choosing the OpenJDK option.