To install the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) run the following command:
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre
This installs the Java JRE (Java Runtime Environment) which will allow you to run applications written in Java.
To install the JDK run the command:
sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk
This allows you to compile Java applications to bytecode.
If you want the Oracle Java VM, which is a lot faster (optimized for embedded arm CPUs) and is also a developer preview (applications maybe buggy or crash) until some time into the future. Instead of the above instructions you need to download the file called
Oracle JDK 8 (with JavaFX) for ARM Early Access on the Oracle Java 8 download page.
Remember to download the Oracle Java system on your Pi, or you won't be able to install it.
To install the Oracle Java System:
sudo tar zxvf jdk-8-ea-b36e-linux-arm-hflt-*.tar.gz -C /opt sudo update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/java" "java" "/opt/jdk1.8.0/bin/java" 1 sudo update-alternatives for other commands if needed (e.g. javac). java -version
Then it is all installed.
Another thing, if you have more then one Java runtime installed you have to check which version you use with the command
java -version. If the output is:
java version 1.5.0 gij (GNU libgij)
Then you are using another java runtime. You can resolve the issue by running
sudo update-alternatives --config java
and choosing the OpenJDK or Oracle option.