I reinstalled my Raspberry Pi with the latest Raspbian wheezy (
2013-05-25-wheezy-raspbian) and modified the console keyboard with
raspi-config to match my AZERTY setup. The layout is now OK on the console.
It is still QWERTY on the GUI, though. I tried to find the relevant entry in the menus but I just found how to set speed, sensitivity, etc. - but not the localization.
What is the proper way to set up and AZERTY keyboard on the GUI?