if you check here: http://mirrordirector.raspbian.org/raspbian/pool/main/m/mesa/

You will be able to see that all the mesa packages Ej. "libgles2-mesa-dev" have a 18.1 version, however, if I execute the command "sudo apt-get install libgles2-mesa-dev" it says that I'm already on the latest version (13.0.6), I thought this was because I was using a RPi3 with raspbian Jessie, but like an hour ago, I did a fresh install with the last raspbian image (debian 9 strecth), and when I execute the command to install the mesa packages it still points to the 13.0.6 version, so why that version 18.1 exist?, what distro can access it?

PD: before trying to install the library, I ran:

sudo rpi-update sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade

1 Answer 1


You can use packages.debian.org to check this in a really easy way. I usually just search in Google for the package name and look for the result from the Debian Packages site.

Here's libgles2-mesa-dev in the package list. Note that for Stretch, the header is:

Package: libgles2-mesa-dev (13.0.6-1 and others)

So, in this case, you have the latest version from the Stretch repository. If you look in the top right of that page you can also see [stretch-backports] and [buster]. Buster is what will become Debian 10, and is currently in testing, but that is where 18.1.4 is used. Generally it is a very bad idea to start taking packages from testing and installing them in your stable distribution (it usually ends up breaking your system horribly).

"Stretch Backports" is a more interesting repository though; consisting of fairly up to date packages "backported" to Stretch. If version 17.3.9 was satisfactory you could try installing from the backports repo.

  • You can also get this information from apt-cache showpkg libgles2-mesa-dev. If you use "any" in the Debian search, you can get a list of all available versions and the release the release they are in. This is worth mentioning because there is a 17.3.9-1 in stretch-backports. But unless you have a good, concrete, important reason to do so, stick with the stable version.
    – goldilocks
    Jul 21, 2018 at 11:02
  • 1
    Also worth mentioning (not everyone is aware of this): Package wise, Raspbian is identical to Debian, from which it is derived. However, don't use anything from the latter, it won't work!
    – goldilocks
    Jul 21, 2018 at 11:08

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